Shivaji, S. et al. (2003). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 41, 710-723.

Conservation of wild animals by assisted reproduction and molecular marker technology

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Shivaji S, Kholkute SD, Verma SK, Gaur A, Umapathy G, Singh A, Sontakke S, Shailaja K, Reddy A, Monika S, Sivaram V, Jyotsna B, Bala S, Ahmed MS, Bala A, Chandrashekar BV, Gupta S, Prakash S, Singh L.

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad 500 007, India

  • Issue published online: 18 DEC 2002
  • Article first published online: 14 DEC 2002
  • Received 2 July 2002;revision received 23 September 2002;accepted 23 September 2002

Abstract

Wild animals are an integral component of the ecosystem. Their decimation due to abrupt natural calamities or due to gradual human intervention would be disastrous to the ecosystem and would alter the balance in nature between various biotic components. Such an imbalance could have an adverse effect on the ecosystem. Therefore, there is an urgent need to put an end to the ever increasing list of endangered species by undertaking both in situ and ex situ conservation using tools of modern biology, to ascertain the degree of genetic variation and reproductive competence in these animals. This review highlights the development and use of molecular markers such as microsatellites, minisatellites, mitochondrial control region, cytochrome b and MHC loci to assess the genetic variation in various Indian wild animals such as the lion, tiger, leopard and deer. The review also presents data on the semen profile of the big cats of India. Reproductive technologies such as cryopreservation of semen and artificial insemination in big cats are also highlighted.

Keywords

Artificial insemination, Cryopreservation, MHC, mtDNA, Microsatellite, SNPs, Semen profile

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Conservation of wild animals by assisted reproduction and molecular marker technology

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Shivaji, S., Kholkute, S. D., Verma, S. K., Gaur, A., Umapathy, G., Singh, A., Sontakke, S., Shailaja, K., Reddy, A., Monika, S. et al. (2003). Conservation of wild animals by assisted reproduction and molecular marker technology. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 41, 710-723.

Short Citation Shivaji, S. et al. (2003). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 41, 710-723.
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